One of the best ways I’ve found to learn new things on social media is to try new things. We experiment, we make mistakes. We succeed, and we fail. And we get a better feeling for how things might work and the best strategies, ideas, and experiments to try next.

I’ve had the privilege of trying out a number of these new strategies and experiments this year, learning tons about the best way to share on social media.

I’d love to share with you what I’ve learned!

Keep reading for my list of the biggest social media lessons from the past 12 months. And feel free to add any further thoughts or learnings of yours into the comments!

social media takeaways

1. How to Get Your Content Seen in the Facebook News Feed

Facebook has built a hugely sophisticated algorithm to help decide which of the thousands of possible stories from your friends and favorite pages will show up in your feed. One side effect of the algorithm is that people who like your page might never see your content.

We went on the hunt for information on how exactly the Facebook News Feed works and the measures that Facebook page owners can take to give their content the best chance of getting more reach.

Here’s a quick overview of some of the things the Facebook News Feed algorithm considers:

  • Posts with lots of comments
  • Posts with lots of likes
  • Post types that users seem to prefer more than others (e.g., photo, video, or status update)
  • Posts that reference a trending topic
  • Posts that receive a high volume of likes, comments, or shares in a short time
  • Link posts
  • Videos uploaded to Facebook that receive a large number of views or extended viewing duration
  • Posts that tag other pages within the text
  • Posts that are liked or commented on by one’s friends
  • Posts from pages that one interacts with often
  • Post types that one interacts with often
  • Posts from pages with complete profile information
  • Posts from pages where the fan base overlaps with the fan base of other known high-quality pages
  • Images and videos that have not previously appeared in the Open Graph
  • Links that have not been posted before

facebook news

For a complete overview of the do’s and don’ts of the Facebook News Feed, visit the full post, which we keep updated with all the latest news.

2. What Is the Ideal Image Size to Share on Twitter and Facebook?

Through much trial and error, we’ve found a single image size that works great for both Twitter and Facebook.

1,024 pixels wide by 512 pixels tall

For example:

quick wins twitter

Twitter images of a 2:1 width-to-height ratio will appear fully in one’s Twitter timeline (with no cropping on the top or bottom). Facebook’s recommended ideal size is 1,200 pixels wide by 630 pixels tall, and there’s some room for flexibility there. Our 1024 x 512 image appears perfectly with zero cropping.

For Pinterest images, tall vertical images are best (these also look great on Google+).

For example:

quick wins pinterest

3. How to Find the Best Time to Post to Social Media

We learned a couple neat strategies.

#1. Post when your audience is online.

By many measures, the most logical time to post is when the highest number of your followers and fans are online. We’ve used some neat tools like Followerwonk and Facebook Insights to find these ideal times and implement them into our Buffer schedule.

followerwonk

#2. Post when no one else is posting.

On the flip side, we’ve noticed that some of our best posting times seem to be in non-peak hours—late at night or on the weekends when the volume of posts on a social network is typically lower.

This effect is dubbed the Late Night Infomercial Effect—infomercials gain their viewers when there is little else on TV. We found the effect to be true for us on Twitter where our most engaged tweets typically publish on the weekends.

buffer engagement rate twitter

4. What Is the Ideal Length of a Social Media Post?

Social media length was a big topic for us this year as we sought out the top research for the best character count of social media posts. Here’s what we found.

  • Twitter – 71 to 100 characters
  • Facebook – 40 characters
  • Google+ headlines – 60 characters
  • LinkedIn – 25 words

social media character count

5. The Power of Language: The Best Words to Use on Social Media to Capture Attention

How can you craft a social media message—sometimes in as few as 100 characters!—that gets your point across and inspires the reader to take action?

We found that a lot depends on the specific words you use in your updates and your headlines. Garrett Moon shared a guest post on our site that broke down the most commonly-used words in highly shared headlines.

Blog_Garrett_GuestBufferPost_4-6.42.22-AM

We also compiled a huge list of 189 words that convert, featuring curated samples of some of advertising’s favorite action words. Here are David Ogilvy’s 20 favorite influential words:

  1. Suddenly
  2. Now
  3. Announcing
  4. Introducing
  5. Improvement
  6. Amazing
  7. Sensational
  8. Remarkable
  9. Revolutionary
  10. Startling
  11. Miracle
  12. Magic
  13. Offer
  14. Quick
  15. Easy
  16. Wanted
  17. Challenge
  18. Compare
  19. Bargain
  20. Hurry

6. One of Twitter’s Best (and Free!) Advertising Tools: Twitter Cards

Earlier this year, Courtney did an incredible amount of research into Twitter cards, finding out how to set up this free resource and how to implement it in a variety of different ways for your Twitter profile.

Here are the 10 different Twitter cards options at your disposal:

  1. Summary card
  2. Large photo summary card
  3. Product card
  4. Player card
  5. Audio card
  6. Photo card
  7. Gallery card
  8. App card
  9. Lead generation card
  10. Website card (see sample below)

A couple of the most valuable ones for us have been the summary cards, which provide additional information for our blogposts, and the lead generation cards, which we have used to grow our email list and share our ebooks.

7. How to Create a Facebook Link That Others Will Clamor Over

Facebook’s Open Graph gives us marketers an amazing suite of options to control the way that our articles look when they’re shared to Facebook (other networks like Google+ use these tags, too). When you share a link to Facebook, the author of the link has control over just about everything:

  • The main image of the article
  • The title of the article
  • The description of the article

og-tags-facebook

To edit this for your articles, you can install a helpful plugin like Yoast SEO Plugin or edit the HTML code of your pages yourself. We wrote up some full details of how this process might work.

8. Facebook Advertising: Necessary or Not?

As Facebook reach has declined, many marketers have turned to Facebook advertising. You can get a lot of value out of a small budget. Moz found that $1 per day can grow you audience by thousands. Others have seen similar results.

If you just spend $1 per day on Facebook ads, you will get in front of 4,000 people that wouldn’t have seen you otherwise. If you are doing that and your competitors aren’t, you win the awareness game in your niche.

 

And still others mention ads with a word of warning: Some of the traffic that you receive may lack the quality of organic reach, as explained in this video:

This is an area we’re keen to explore further in the coming months, so stay tuned. Have you had an experience with Facebook advertising? What did you learn?

9. How to Find Your Audience on Social Networks

Ello, Snapchat, Path, and others. New social networks are entering the fray every year, and your audience might be diverting some of its time and energy into new places.

How do you find out where your audience will be?

We shared some really interesting research into the sentiment of different social networks according to different demographics like gender, age, income, and more. Here’s a bit about the gender and age demographics on 15 of the top social networks.

gender-social-network-dependence social-media-dependency-by-age-and-network

And as for the brand new social networks, we’ve found it useful to dip your toes in to see the type of reaction and engagement you can get with the new crowd. Jay Baer calls this the shotgun vs. rifle approach to social media.

Take Product Hunt, for instance. The site for submitting and finding new online products has built a large community very quickly. We’ve noticed it might be a place that potential a Buffer audience meets, so we’ve sought to engage the community by joining as Buffer creators, submitting our new products and the products of others, and joining into conversations.

10. How to Find Great Content to Share on Social Media

What do you do to fill your queue? It may be the case that the content you need requires much time and energy to unearth. It seems that finding great content to share is a huge need for many of us out there.

We’ve been fortunate to discover many great sources of amazing content over the past few months. Here are a few of our favorite finds.

10 favorite content discovery sites & apps

  1. Daily by Buffer
  2. Panda
  3. Nuzzel
  4. Digg
  5. Medium
  6. Sidebar.io
  7. LinkedIn Pulse
  8. Prismatic
  9. Swayy
  10. This

10 favorite content discovery newsletters

  1. Inbound.org Digest
  2. Next Draft
  3. Brain Food
  4. NY Times: What We’re Reading
  5. News.me
  6. 99U newsletter
  7. Austin Kleon
  8. Zen Habits
  9. MediaREDEF
  10. 5 Intriguing Things by Alexis Madrigal

These sources make up a majority of the content we deliver through Buffer content suggestions. We’re excited to keep improving this part of our product, too, in the coming months. Stay tuned.

Over to you

What have you learned over the past several months? What has changed about your approach and strategies to social media?

Image sources: The Noun Project, Blurgrounds, Startup Stock Photos

Social media, streamlined

Schedule posts across the top social networks, collaborate with your team, and measure the performance of your content — all in one place.

Try Buffer and see the difference!
Written by Kevan Lee

Director of marketing at Buffer, the social media publishing tool for brands, agencies, and marketers. We’ve got a new podcast! ?

  • Chelsei Henderson

    This is top notch, as always! Thanks for the insightful post, Kevan! Twitter cards are at the top of my discovery list in 2015.

    – Chelsei

    • Thanks, Chelsei! Do you have a favorite tip of Twitter card?

  • Great post! Gonna have to read through this 5 more times to make sure it’s engraved in my brain 🙂

  • Thanks for this comprehensive post. Just what I needed!

  • First time commenting but have been a long time reader, anytime I come here I end up going into an evening of social bookmarking, rss subscribing, web page to pdf for later and some more, from your posts lol. I always come away with new and interesting angles to beef up the index of the brain for future reference, all the best for 2015

    • Hi there Gerry! Thank you so much for the comment! It’s awesome to hear that the blogposts have been helpful for you. 🙂 And I love your tip about “web page to pdf for later”! I’ll have to remember that one!

  • Robin Pierman

    Wonderful Summary. I’m going to have to bookmark this one for future reference.

    • Thanks so much, Robin!

  • I am social Media marketer and reading such brilliant articles for growth of my career is what I was looking for. Thank you for letting us know ,how the social stuff works !! Thank you 🙂 >> http://www.xduce.in

  • Awesome Post Kevan! I’ve found the best way to get shown in the news feed is to focus my posts on the 3 E’s: Empower, Educate, and Entertain 🙂

  • Great, now I just need a way to create a different message to each social network with buffer without having to reopen the menu every time to get the post lengths all right. 😉

  • Thanks for the 2014 review Kevan. I feel like I have learned more in 2014 in our industry than in the 3 years before combined. It is a good feeling to have confidence going into presentations, knowing that I am ahead of the pack. Have a happy New Year and may 2015 be a fun and successful year for you! 🙂

  • Anyone have an invite for This? 🙂

  • Great Article.

  • Aaron B

    Great post! Love using Buffer for my work and the insights, like this, to have better direction!

  • Jaime Izaks

    Thanks for the post, Kevan. Since my franchise PR firm works with many industries, we’ve noticed that engagement on social media always depedns on the industry and there is no standard “good day/time” to post. B2B tends to be during the week, mornings while B2C tend to be after work and on weekends.

  • Great blog. Thank you. This was very helpful and very useful information. 😉 Happy New Year.

  • Sarah @RunFarGirl

    Great article with insights in to a few new-to-me ideas. I’ll definitely be returning to this article as I try to absorb and implement it all. Thanks!

  • Matt Crystal

    Great Post Kevan – really appreciate the insights!

  • Great information and I am going to start using today! Thanks so Much!

  • Hi, Kevan! I love these curation-type posts as I always learn so much. It’s like having a giant how-to book at my fingertips and all I have to do is reap the benefits of all your research. A new one for me is the Twitter cards. I’ll have to try that. Thanks so much!
    Question: Do you have any stats on social media usage by middle-aged women, the prime audience for historical fiction (which I write)? Or specific best ways to reach this audience?

    • Sharon

      Yes, Elaine, that’s a cogent question and one whose answer would help me? I write erotic romance novels, and I don’t know how to reach this audience.

  • Guest

    I never assume when I tweet that anyone is reading it at the time it’s posted. I get great response when I tweet a few links to my blog over a few hours and then follow 25-30 like-minded people. It seems people in my circles will check out a profile page and the last few tweets before following back.

  • Craig W. Turner

    I never assume when I tweet that anyone is reading it at the time it’s posted. I get great response when I tweet a few links to my blog over a few hours and then follow 25-30 like-minded people. It seems people in my circles will check out a profile page and the last few tweets before following back.

  • Guest

    Excellent article – bookmarking this for sure!

  • Excellent article – bookmarking this for sure 🙂

  • For when to post, looks like weekends are best (point 3). But is that Twitter only or even FB, LinkedIn?

    • Astrid

      I found generally for LinkedIn the best times are early in the morning (7am-9am) on weekdays.

  • The Flying Couponer

    Really nice, thank you for sharing all this precious information. Always looking for something new to learn!

  • Definitely helpful tips that I can’t wait to start utilizing! Thank you!

  • Anthony Robinson

    Quick question – the best length of a tweet is 71-100 characters, but does that include a hyperlink you might add at the end?

    • Great question, Anthony! I believe this advice came about because at a max of 100 characters, you can still leave room for someone to add a thought or two to the tweet if they decide to retweet. My gut is that 100 characters plus a hyperlink might be a bit too long, 71 plus a hyperlink should be just great!

  • Thanks for post . your post is very fantastic in website for online email database marketing .
    So thanks Brian ,

  • Firstly, Kudos to you for writing such an informative and a great article. I am glad that I have come across this and it’s just superb!
    The one who has been dealing with Social Media marketing will surely find this article quite useful as it includes many effective tips. What I would like to suggest others regarding content updates on Facebook is to avoid promotional posts as per Facebook’s latest updates in their news-feed. Also, try creating content that contains a mixture of attention grabbing quotes,festival posts, trivias & facts. You may find this link helpful for your Facebook Marketing: http://bit.ly/1D0VEuV

  • Delilah Walsh

    EXcellent Kevan. I’m the same as Brian!

  • Join Domestic Discipline Life Dating/Networking website, one of the cheapest dating sites on the net!

    £6.99 a month

    £15 for 3 months

    OR SPECIAL OFFER OF ONLY £20 FOR 6 MONTHS MEMBERSHIP!!!!!

    http://www.myddlife.com/

  • Rachel Jackson

    AWESOME POST!! THANK YOU BUFFER!! Seriously you guys have better social media tips than anyone I know!

  • Akash Dave

    Hello Everyone,

    Today I am writing this post to
    introduce one cool application named INSTAMAPIA! Friends as we all knows,
    nowadays Instagram is becoming the most popular social media which is basically
    used for its photo and video sharing feature. But does Instagram allow users
    some Geo search, sharing and saving Instagram images??

    The answer of my question is a
    big no..! The Instagram does not allow sharing and saving images. So if one
    wants to share or save any ultra-cool image of INSTAGRAM then what should he do
    ?

    Here I’m announcing the all in
    one solution… INSTAMAPIA!

    http://i.share.pho.to/aa48cbaf_c.png

    What can it Do ?????

    ØLocate live images and see
    nearby INSTAGRAM users on map.

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    ØSave and share Instagram
    images with any of the social media…

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    Search for any INSTAGRAM
    user by his name or Search for images by #tags

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    Take a world tour from your
    device.. Touch anywhere on the map and see images for that area

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    Friends, INSTAMAPIA provides
    wide platforms to the PHOTOGRAPHERS as well, they can explore their photography
    with the world by sharing them on map and get more likes and followers by
    showing their photography skills.

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    You can also share your ultimate travelling experience with the world and can
    explore unseen places through your device

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    The basic concept of this app
    has taken the basic concept of map to a new Era, as you can find cool nearby
    places and people, it helps to users to get the information about his
    surrounding happenings.

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    You can also come to know about
    how different festivals are being celebrated in different area of world and how
    people are celebrating it. Here is one beautiful image of kites I got from
    Instagram while searching for #kitefestivalhashtag using Instamapia.

    http://i.share.pho.to/7eab2568_c.png

    There are many other exciting
    features of this app, which will change your way of using INSTAGRAM ! So
    friends now its your chance to gram instamapia and start exploring the world
    through your device.. You can grab your app from below:

    http://instamapia.com/

    Also see how it works:

  • Trisha Trixie

    I have noticed this year already by using Commun.it and Buffer my followers have increased and I have more engagement onTwitter and LI. FB however has really fallen by the wayside in my book. I beleive the majority of the users on FB are marketers who were using it to do a lot of promotion, but now that FB has made it so difficult, a lot of those people are falling away. I know myself, for instance, has really seen the engagement and traffic on Twitter and thus Twitter has beceom my new best friend.

    • Thanks so much for sharing your experience, Trisha! Very interesting to hear. 🙂

  • Jeannie Ruesch

    This is an amazing post — one of the best I’ve seen. So much information! Must reread at least 10 times to digest it all..

    • Thanks so much, Jeannie! So very happy to hear this. 🙂

  • Guest
  • Guest

    Wow this is a great post thanks for sharing your knowledge about images…
    https://discuss.howtogeek.com/t/how-can-i-safely-destroy-sensitive-data-cds-dvds/9852/25

  • marianne

    really good- thanks for this nice compilation

  • uttaranchalhills

    Social media is the best method to connect with audience.
    What Famous Place in Uttarakhand